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Archaeology & Anthropology Field Schools

Europe - Romania - Crisis Populations Osteology Workshop (Transylvania) - 2014

Europe - Romania - Crisis Populations Osteology Workshop (Transylvania) - 2014

Archaeology Field School Location and Dates

Application Deadline
Start Date 2014-06-08
End Date 2014-07-05

Multiple Session information


Archaeology Field School Location

Odorheiu Secuiesc, Harghita County (Central Transylvania), Romania

Archaeology Field School Tuition and Credits

Sponsoring College/Institution

Archaeological Techniques and Research Center (ArchaeoTek - Canada) Haaz Reszo Muzeum (Odorheiu Secuiesc, Transylvania, Romania)

Academic Credit

We are a museum based research center and as such neither ArchaeoTek nor our partner institutions have the logistical set up to offer credits. In the past, students who sought academic recognition for their work in the field/lab with us registered to an independent study in their own university. The instructor in charge of that independent study would set up his/her own evaluating scheme and we would provide all the information thus required. Some schools were content with just a grade or a straightforward evaluation from us, while others required a detailed evaluation and/or an essay from the student. In this context, credits are arranged internally in the student's university. The number of credits (and the way they are determined) vary with each institution. We can provide an estimate of lecture and lab hours for your school to calculate credit equivalence.

Archaeology Field School Tuition

$1775 for the full 4 weeks of the laboratory research workshop

Archaeology Field School Room and Board

Students and volunteers will be housed in double or triple occupancy rooms within walking distance from downtown Odorheiu Secuiesc and the Museum, in a newly renovated hotel. A small kitchen is available to students and volunteers. Odorheiu has a many pubs, restaurants and fast food joints within a few minute walk. One can readily enjoy very good pub fare as well as Romanian traditional cuisine, accompanied with an assortment of great local wines or beer. There are plenty of stores and supermarkets, and a couple of real farmers' markets that can fulfill almost any need.

Archaeology Field School Travel
Additional Information on Tution/Room and Board/Travel Costs

The program fee includes the application fee, housing in double or triple occupancy rooms in a hotel near the museum, teaching material, support and documentation (a lab manual and/or reading/reference will be provided upon your arrival), laboratory material, lectures (approx. 35h/session) and labs (approx. 35h/session), access to the study collection, security clearance, museum registration. The registration cost does not include the trip to and from Romania. If you arrive at the pre-established times, someone will wait for you at the train station. Participants must arrange their own travel and health insurance. Participants are responsible for their own food.

Archaeology Field School Description

As the 15th century ends, the battle for Europe begins! The heroes (and their legend) that held back the Ottoman East have died: Vlad Dracula the Impaler in 1476; Holy Stephan the Great in 1504; Skanderberg in 1468. The fall of Constantinople in 1453 and the European defeat at the Battle of Mohacs in 1526 opened the way for the Ottoman expansion into Europe. The European eastern frontier buckled and disintegrated - but Transylvania held strong!!! The aim of this project is to evaluate how major global political events physically impact local populations. For that purpose, we will analyze the human remains from four different cemeteries from central Transylvania, around the city of Odorheiu Secuiesc, dating from the 16-17th centuries, in relative geographic proximity to one another but from different settled environments. The project is designed to offer intensive hands-on experience to both students and non-credit participants. It is a research workshop which culminates with the presentation of each set of results at the International Student Colloquium on Osteology and Bioarchaeology hosted by the Haaz Rezso Museum. Participants who want to pursue and expand their summer research are encouraged to present their papers at the SAA, AAPA and CAPA. Previous experience is not required. Participants can use the Osteology Workshop as a base to expand their knowledge with our Bioarchaeology of Children Osteology Workshop or our Medieval Funerary Excavation.

Archaeology Field School Additional Information

Archaeology Field School Type

Laboratory - Intensive Osteology Research Workshop

Time Period

Late Medieval

Field School Setting/Conditions

Both the hotel and the laboratory is within 10 min walk from downtown Odorheiu Secuiesc.

How is the project area accessed each day

A 15min walk through downtown Odorheiu Secuiesc

What is the daily schedule for the field school

8AM-5PM, Mon-Fri

Number of years this Archaeology Field School has been in operation
4 (workshop) - 14 (Transylvania fieldschools)
Is there a professional certification for this field school


Directors and Instructors

Dr. Jonathan Bethard (Boston University School of Medicine) Katie Woods (UNLV) Andre Gonciar (ArchaeoTek - Canada) Dr. Zsolt Nyaradi (Haaz Rezso Muzeum)

Specialized skills you will have the opportunity to learn

1. Creating a comparative base line for late medieval populations in order to evaluate changes through time and adaptive responses to socio-political and economic historical events. 2. Establishing the skeletal biology of individuals and populations from medieval Transylvania (estimation of sex, age, stature, ancestry; identification of discrete and idiosyncratic traits such as dental nonmetric variation, cranial nonmetric variation, postcranial nonmetric variation 3. Establishing the skeletal health of individuals and populations from medieval Transylvania (paleopathology and paleonutrition) 4. Identification of post-mortem alterations on bones (ientification of funeral practices: post-mortem treatment of bodies; identification of burial practices: primary, secondary and tertiary burials; identification of animal and/or plant alterations) 5. Evaluation of conservation state and bone quality for analysis

On rain days will there be lab work?


Will there be additional organized activities?


Will there be additional organized activities?


Is travel restriced during free time?


Other resources students will find useful or contact us at for the full information brochure

Archaeology Field School Contact Information and Website

Field School Website:

Field School Contact Information

Andre Gonciar Buffalo, NY 14215

Field School Contact E-mail:
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